Orientalism is an academic term, used in art history, literary studies, geography, and cultural studies, which is and describes a critical approach to representations of the Orient; of the Eastern cultures of the Middle East, North Africa, South West Asia, and South East Asia, represented as “European knowledge of the Orient” created by artists and writers from Western Europe. In particular, Orientalist painting, representing "the Middle East", was a genre of Academic art in the 19th century. Likewise, Western European literatures treated and dealt with the Orient and things oriental; the cultural influence was notable in the application of Asian visual styles to genres of Western art, especially in architecture and the decorative arts.

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